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Some Basic Islamic Beliefs

  1. 1) Belief in God:
  2. Muslims believe in one, unique, incomparable God, Who has no son nor partner, and that none has the right to be worshipped but Him alone. He is the true God, and every other deity is false. He has the most magnificent names and sublime perfect attributes. No one shares His divinity, nor His attributes. No one has the right to be invoked, supplicated, prayed to, or shown any act of worship, but God alone. God alone is the Almighty, the Creator, the Sovereign, and the Sustainer of everything in the whole universe.
    He manages all affairs. He stands in need of none of His creatures, and all His creatures depend on Him for all that they need. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Seeing, and the All-Knowing. He is the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful, and the Most Beneficent

    God is not Jesus, and Jesus is not God.
    Jesus the son of Mary, like Muhammad, was no more than a messenger...

    God is not a trinity.
    Islam rejects that God rested on the seventh day of the creation, that He wrestled with one of His angels, that He is an envious plotter against mankind, or that He is incarnate in any human being. Islam also rejects the attribution of any human form to God. All of these are considered blasphemous. God is the Exalted. He is far removed from every imperfection. He never becomes weary. He does not become drowsy nor does he sleep.

    The Arabic word Allah in Aramaic, a language related closely to Arabic and the language that Jesus habitually spoke In that language, God is also referred to as Allah.

  3. Belief in the Angels:

  4. Muslims believe in the existence of the angels and that they are honored creatures. The angels worship God alone, obey Him, and act only by His command. Among the angels is Gabriel, who brought down the Quran to Muhammad.

  5. Belief in God's Revealed Books:

  6. Muslims believe that God revealed books to His messengers as proof for mankind and as guidance for them. Among these books is the Quran, which God revealed to the Prophet Muhammad.

  7. Belief in the Prophets and Messengers of God:

  8. Muslims believe in the prophets and messengers of God, starting with Adam, including Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, and Jesus (peace be upon them). But God's final message to man, a reconfirmation of the eternal message, was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. Muslims believe that Muhammad is the last prophet sent by God. Muslims believe that all the prophets and messengers were created human beings who had none of the divine qualities of God.

  9. Belief in the Day of Judgment:

  10. Muslims believe in the Day of Judgment (the Day of Resurrection) when all people will be resurrected for God's judgment according to their beliefs and deeds.

  11. Belief in Al-Qadar:

  12. Muslims believe in Al-Qadar, which is Divine Predestination, but this belief in Divine Predestination does not mean that human beings do not have freewill. Rather, Muslims believe that God has given human beings freewill. This means that they can choose right or wrong and that they are responsible for their choices.
    The belief in Divine Predestination includes belief in four things:
    1. God knows everything. He knows what has happened and what will happen.

    2. God has recorded all that has happened and all that will happen.

    3. Whatever God wills to happen happens, and whatever He wills not to happen does not happen.

    4. God is the Creator of everything.

  13. The five Pillars of Islam are the five ritual duties that mainstream Muslims view as central to their faith. These are:

    1. to recite daily the confession of faith, "There is no God but the one God and Muhammad is his prophet."(Shahada).

    2. Performing the daily prayers 3 times daily.(Salat)

    3. Fasting during the month of Ramadan (saum)

    4. paying the alms tax (Zakat). This tax is levied annually on all those living above substance and whose debts do not exceed their assets.

    5. The pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj) is required of all healthy Muslims at least once in a lifetime if they have sufficient means and safe transportation.

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